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How does a girl get bv

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All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Bacterial vaginosis BV is a condition caused by changes in the amount of certain types of bacteria in your vagina. BV is common, and any woman can get it.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What is Bacterial Vaginosis? (Vaginal Bacterial Overgrowth)

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What is bacterial vaginosis? - Infectious diseases - NCLEX-RN - Khan Academy

What is bacterial vaginosis?

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Bacterial vaginosis is a common vaginal infection that can be caused by a bacterial imbalance in the vagina or transmitted through sexual contact. And it's surprisingly prevalent among pregnant women: Sixteen percent of expectant mothers in the United States have bacterial vaginosis. There's a careful balance between the good and bad bacteria that live in the vagina, and when that balance is disrupted, bacterial vaginosis can occur. What causes this bacterial imbalance isn't exactly known, but there seems to be some evidence that it can be a sexually transmitted disease.

But, says Dr. Shuford, sexual contact is not the only method of infection. Having sex with someone who has bacterial vaginosis, as well as having multiple sex partners or a new sex partner, can put you at risk for the infection, says Shuford. Douching can also increase the risk, as it disrupts the balance of bacteria in the vagina. The complications and health risks of bacterial vaginosis can be serious if the infection isn't treated. Pelvic inflammatory disease PID PID is an inflammation of the female reproductive system, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and even the ovaries.

Shuford notes that PID can lead to a number of complications, including infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Pregnancy complications Pregnant women with bacterial vaginosis may be at a higher risk for having low-birth-weight babies, says Shuford, as well as premature rupture of the membranes your water breaks too early. Greater risk of other sexually transmitted infection Women who have bacterial vaginosis are at greater risk of getting HIV , gonorrhea , and chlamydia.

Increased risk of postsurgical infection Women who have bacterial vaginosis may be more likely to develop an infection after surgeries affecting the reproductive system, such as a hysterectomy or an abortion. Bacterial vaginosis is easily diagnosed using a sample of vaginal fluid and is treated with a simple round of antibiotics.

Antibiotics may be given orally or in the form of a topical cream or ointment inserted in the vagina, notes Shuford. Bacterial vaginosis can recur, even after antibiotic treatment. It's important to make sure you take all of the antibiotics as prescribed. Bacterial vaginosis can't always be prevented, but you can reduce your risk of getting the infection and spreading it by being in a monogamous relationship, as well as by using condoms.

Avoid douching to help keep bacteria balanced in the vagina and reduce the risk of bacterial vaginosis. Wear cotton underwear and pants that fit loosely in the crotch to allow airflow and prevent moist conditions, which can encourage infection. Bacterial vaginosis is a very common infection, but some simple preventive steps can help reduce your risk. And women who do experience symptoms should remember to seek treatment right away to prevent unnecessary health problems caused by untreated bacterial vaginosis.

Bacterial Vaginosis. This vaginal infection is frequently seen in pregnant women. It's the most common type of vaginal infection in American women. Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis Bacteria naturally occur in the vagina, but there are both "good" and "bad" types of bacteria. But when symptoms do appear, they may include: Vaginal discharge that may be white or gray in color Discharge with a strong, foul odor Vaginal odor that is particularly strong, with a fishy smell after sex Vaginal itching Painful or burning urination Risk Factors and Complications Having sex with someone who has bacterial vaginosis, as well as having multiple sex partners or a new sex partner, can put you at risk for the infection, says Shuford.

Untreated vaginosis can lead to: Pelvic inflammatory disease PID PID is an inflammation of the female reproductive system, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and even the ovaries.

Bacterial Vaginosis Treatment Bacterial vaginosis is easily diagnosed using a sample of vaginal fluid and is treated with a simple round of antibiotics. Treatment of male sexual partners is generally not recommended. Prevention Bacterial vaginosis can't always be prevented, but you can reduce your risk of getting the infection and spreading it by being in a monogamous relationship, as well as by using condoms.

Good hygiene, too, can help prevent bacterial vaginosis. Wash the anus and vagina every day, and wipe from front to back after urination or defecation.

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What is Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)?

Bacterial vaginosis is a condition of the vagina when there are too many of one kind of bacteria, mainly Gardnerella vaginalis. You can get bacterial vaginosis without sexual contact, but it is often linked with sexual activity. The main symptom is a grey discharge from the vagina with a fishy or musty smell.

Bacterial vaginosis, also known as vaginal bacteriosis, is the most common cause of vaginal infection for women of childbearing age. It frequently develops after sexual intercourse with a new partner, and it is rare for a woman to have it if she has never had sexual intercourse.

Bacterial vaginosis BV is a very common condition caused by an overgrowth of normal germs bacteria in the vagina. This causes a change in the normal vaginal discharge, which may become more noticeable or develop a fishy smell. Having a discharge from your vagina can be embarrassing and upsetting. In women who are having periods, bacterial vaginosis BV is the most common cause of a vaginal discharge. BV is a disturbance in the mix of bacteria in your vagina.

Bacterial Vaginosis – CDC Fact Sheet

Back to Health A to Z. Bacterial vaginosis BV is a common cause of unusual vaginal discharge. The most common symptom of bacterial vaginosis is unusual vaginal discharge that has a strong fishy smell, particularly after sex. You may notice a change to the colour and consistency of your discharge, such as becoming greyish-white and thin and watery. If you're unsure it's BV, check for other causes of unusual vaginal discharge. The condition is not usually serious, but you'll need to be treated with antibiotics if you do have BV. It's also important to seek treatment if you're pregnant as there's a small chance that BV can cause complications with pregnancy. Find a sexual health clinic. A cotton bud may be wiped over the discharge inside your vagina to test for BV and other infections.

Bacterial Vaginosis

Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. Bacterial vaginosis BV is caused by an imbalance of the bacteria normally present in the vagina. In women with BV, the normal healthy bacteria in particular, lactobacilli are replaced by an overgrowth of other mixed bacteria.

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Bacterial vaginosis is an infection of the vagina. Females of any age can have it and you do not have to be sexually active to get bacterial vaginosis. This infection is not a sexually transmitted infection.

What Is Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial vaginosis is a type of vaginal inflammation caused by the overgrowth of bacteria naturally found in the vagina, which upsets the natural balance. Women in their reproductive years are most likely to get bacterial vaginosis, but it can affect women of any age. The cause isn't completely understood, but certain activities, such as unprotected sex or frequent douching, increase your risk. Bacterial vaginosis results from overgrowth of one of several bacteria naturally found in your vagina.

Bacterial vaginosis BV is an infection caused by having too much of a certain type of bacteria in the vagina. The vagina naturally maintains a balance of lactobacilli, which are beneficial bacteria. These are often referred to as the vaginal flora or microbiota. When vaginal flora is out of balance, harmful anaerobic bacteria take over. Read on to learn more about whether men can pass bacterial vaginosis on to their partners and the kinds of conditions that can cause similar symptoms in men.

Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis BV is the most common cause of unusual vaginal discharge. One in three people with a vagina get it at some time. People who have bacterial vaginosis have:. Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle, receiving oral sex, semen in the vagina after sex without a condom, an intrauterine contraceptive device IUD and genetic factors may also play a part. If you think you may have it, talk to a doctor or nurse who might recommend a test if you have signs and symptoms. You may notice these yourself or they may be noticed by a doctor or nurse during a vaginal examination. You may be offered a test during pregnancy if you have symptoms.

Oct 16, - Quick Check: Could You Live Better With OAB? BV Risk Factors. Any woman can get BV, but your risks are higher if you: Smoke; Are sexually  ‎When to See a Doctor · ‎BV Risk Factors.

Bacterial vaginosis BV is a mild infection in the vagina. BV happens when there are more "bad" bacteria than "good" bacteria in the vagina. BV is the most common vaginal infection affecting young women.

Can Men Get or Spread Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial vaginosis BV may sound scary, but it's very common and easily treated. BV is the most common cause of vaginal infections in women of childbearing age. Your vagina is normally acidic, which helps prevent bad bacteria from growing and maintains the level of good bacteria called lactobacillus. If the pH balance becomes less acidic however, this can affect the health of your vagina.

Bacterial vaginosis is a common vaginal infection that can be caused by a bacterial imbalance in the vagina or transmitted through sexual contact. And it's surprisingly prevalent among pregnant women: Sixteen percent of expectant mothers in the United States have bacterial vaginosis. There's a careful balance between the good and bad bacteria that live in the vagina, and when that balance is disrupted, bacterial vaginosis can occur. What causes this bacterial imbalance isn't exactly known, but there seems to be some evidence that it can be a sexually transmitted disease.

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