Can a guy get gbs
By Antonia Whyatt May 1, With my second child, my water broke two weeks early, at 10 p. After phoning our babysitter to tell her it was go time, I called my closest friend. Within 15 minutes she was at my house, editing the contents of my hospital bag , pausing to make fun of me for packing a novel and ensuring I had a decent outfit to come home in. When I said yes, she whisked me into her car and sped toward the hospital.
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: GBS: Group Beta Strep! Why You're Tested, What is it & More!Content:
Group B Strep: What It Is (and How it Can Affect Your Birth Plan)
Sandra J. Bliss, Shannon D. Manning, Patricia Tallman, Carol J. Baker, Mark D. Pearlman, Carl F. We describe the prevalence of colonization with group B Streptococcus species in a random sample of otherwise healthy male and nonpregnant female college students.
However, larger studies are needed to verify these findings. Group B Streptococcus species GBS causes sepsis and meningitis in neonates and young infants, and it causes other serious infections, such as bacteremia and cellulitis, in nonpregnant adults with underlying medical conditions [ 1 ]. GBS is transmitted vertically to the newborn during labor and delivery [ 1 ]. Among nonpregnant adults, transmission occurs via direct contact; some studies suggest that sexual transmission occurs [ 2 ].
Although the incidence and clinical manifestations of invasive disease are well described, little is known about the natural history of GBS colonization. Although the incidence of early-onset GBS disease in neonates is decreasing because of the widespread use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis [ 3 ], the incidence of GBS disease in other populations has remained relatively constant [ 3 ].
There are 9 different capsular types of GBS [ 4 ], and with the possibility of a GBS vaccine on the horizon, it is essential to understand which of these types are circulating and whether or not they cause disease.
We describe the prevalence of vaginal, rectal, and urethral GBS colonization and associated serotypes among randomly sampled male and nonpregnant female college students. We also explore the association of behavioral and sociodemographic factors with GBS colonization. A better understanding of these risk factors is essential for the development of appropriate intervention strategies. Study protocol. One hundred forty-nine women and men were randomly selected from student registration lists at the University of Michigan Ann Arbor.
Selected students reflect the demographic profile within the university by age, educational level, and marital status, although proportionally more Asian persons participated in the study. All subjects received letters and up to 3 e-mail reminders describing the study and inviting them to participate.
Participants who completed each protocol received a monetary incentive. Informed consent was obtained from all of the participants in this study, and clinical research was conducted in accordance with the guidelines for experimentation with humans, as specified by the University of Michigan Human Subjects Review Committee. After we obtained written informed consent, participants completed a self-administered questionnaire describing their sociodemographic characteristics, medical and sexual histories, and health behaviors.
All participants self-collected initial-void urine and anal orifice specimens, and women collected vaginal specimens with a tampon. GBS isolation. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis PFGE. PFGE was performed on all GBS isolates to compare isolates from a single individual obtained at enrollment with those obtained at follow-up. PFGE banding patterns from isolates collected within an individual were considered identical if the strains differed by no more than 1 band.
Some isolates that had been identified as nontypeable were determined by PFGE to be identical to a different serotype within a person. Three of 12 strains identified as nontypeable were designated as serotype V by means of these criteria [ 8 ]. Data analysis. We describe the frequency of, and risk factors for, GBS colonization by descriptive statistics i.
We tested for hand washing effects both as a categorical and continuous variable. Serotypes III and V predominated figure 1. Serotype distribution of group B Streptococcus isolates recovered from a random sample of 28 healthy, nonpregnant women and 21 healthy men. NT, nontypeable. Forty-five women and 38 men returned for a follow-up visit.
The prevalence of antibiotic resistance among these isolates has been described elsewhere [ 5 ]. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of group B Streptococcus isolates recovered from several male study participants. Lanes 1—2 and lanes 9—10 , Anal isolates from the initial and follow-up visits, respectively, recovered from 2 different men. Lanes 3—5 , Anal isolate from the initial visit and 2 anal isolates from a follow-up visit, respectively, recovered from 1 other man.
Lane 11 , Anal isolate recovered from another man colonized only at the initial visit. Lanes 6—8 , Isolates recovered from 1 man with urinary and anal colonization at the initial visit and anal colonization at the follow-up visit.
Men and women were equally likely to be colonized OR for women, 1. Associations are presented separately according to sex, but there were no statistically significantly different associations by sex. There was a slight—but not statistically significant—decrease in GBS colonization with age and a trend of lower colonization rates in nonwhite subjects table 1. Ever engaging in sexual activity, tampon use, and infrequent hand washing were most strongly associated with GBS colonization, although only tampon use was statistically significant.
Frequency of hand washing before eating, after urinating, or after a bowel movement was not associated with colonization, although the small sample size may have limited our ability to detect such an association. There was no association with self-reported history of vaginal yeast infection, urinary tract infection, recent antibiotic use, or circumcision. Persons who drink milk were 3 times more likely to be colonized with GBS than were persons who did not drink milk, although this was not statistically significant.
An association also was found with cheese consumption, but not with yogurt consumption; however, neither was statistically significant. Eating out and meat, fruit, and vegetable consumption were not associated with GBS colonization. Association of sociodemographic, medical, sexual, and behavioral characteristics and colonization with group B Streptococcus species GBS at any site in a random sample of nonpregnant women and men.
Although GBS colonization was associated with sexual activity, no statistically significant associations were found with lifetime number of partners, number of partners within the past year, timing of most recent sexual encounter, age at first encounter, type of sexual contact, method of contraception, or history of sexually transmitted diseases tables 1 and 2. Association of sociodemographic, medical, sexual, and behavioral characteristics and rectal colonization with group B Streptococcus species GBS in a random sample of nonpregnant women and men.
The point estimates from the logistic regression model were similar to the crude estimates for sexual activity, hand washing, and milk consumption, but none were statistically significant table 3. The association with tampon use was much smaller after adjustment and was not considered statistically significant. Logistic regression model predicting risk of colonization with group B Streptococcus species in a random sample of nonpregnant women and men.
This is a high rate of colonization, perhaps reflecting our use of selective broth media and multiple body site sampling, both of which increase the rate of detection [ 10 ]; a true increase in prevalence over time; or both. Even so, it may be an underestimation, because the anal orifice, rather than rectum, was sampled. These results indicate that GBS carriage occurs at a high frequency in healthy people and that the opportunity for transmission to persons at high risk of infection, including neonates, pregnant women, adults with underlying medial conditions, and elderly persons, is likely.
The serotype distribution of GBS was similar to that found among patients with invasive infections [ 4 ]. Although our study population was asymptomatically colonized with GBS, these strains have the potential to cause GBS disease should, for example, the individual become pregnant.
The high frequency of nontypeable strains may relate to the small number tested, poor capsule production, or both [ 8 , 11 ]. Further studies are needed to estimate the precise duration of colonization. The small sample size of this study decreased our ability to detect associations, even with the large point estimates that were observed. Several interesting, biologically plausible associations were identified that were not statistically significant.
For example, GBS previously has been associated with sexual activity [ 12 ]; however, our power to detect the observed OR of 2. Nonetheless, the associations with several factors are worth noting. GBS has been transmitted via person-to-person direct contact in hospitals [ 13 ]; thus, an association between GBS colonization and hand washing in the general population seems likely.
Because tampon use is associated with colonization with other gram-positive organisms, particularly Staphylococcus aureus , it is possible that tampons facilitate GBS carriage. Another limitation of this study is the cross-sectional study design. We could not determine whether the factors identified were associated with acquisition or duration of carriage.
Larger, prospective studies with multiple data collection points are required to determine whether these biologically plausible and potentially important risk factors are real.
We thank Charlotte Williams and the laboratory staff at the University of Michigan Health Service Ann Arbor for providing space for specimen collection, and we thank Dr. Caesar Briefer for his support of the project.
Finally, Drs. Brenda Gillespie and Janet R. Gilsdorf provided useful comments on the manuscript. Google Scholar. Google Preview. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account. Mills College. Sign In. Advanced Search. Search Menu.
Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume Article Contents Abstract. Patients and Methods. Oxford Academic. Shannon D. Patricia Tallman. Carol J. Mark D. Carl F.
People at Increased Risk and How It Spreads
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Testing positive for group B strep during pregnancy can be scary, but there's a simple treatment that can keep your baby safe. Check out our need-to-know guide. I wanted to labor at home for as long as possible and have a natural birth, just like I did with my first child. Hearing you have GBS during pregnancy can certainly be frightening. But knowing exactly what it is—and how it might affect you and your baby —can help keep both of you safe.
What to know about group B strep
I'm 61 and recently began to have a vaginal discharge. It's not itchy, but sexual intercourse is painful. My doctor diagnosed it as strep B vaginitis and prescribed amoxicillin, which helped. But the discharge returned within a week. What do you recommend? Some vaginal discharge is normal. It helps to protect against vaginal infections and provides lubrication for the vaginal tissues.
Does the HPV Vaccine Cause Paralysis?
Group B streptococcus, or group B strep, is a common type of bacteria that lives in some adults and children. It is not usually dangerous, but infection with this bacteria may be more serious in babies. If a pregnant woman carries group B strep, the bacteria can sometimes pass to a baby during delivery, which can present problems. Therefore, preventing group B strep infection is important for a healthy delivery. Group B strep infection causes a range of symptoms in both adults and babies.
The prevalence of isolates with elevated minimum inhibitory concentrations MICs to penicillin or cephalosporins is currently extremely low, although recent increases have been documented, with the prevalence of penicillin resistance reported in Japan rising from 4. Resistance to erythromycin and clindamycin has traditionally been associated with capsule serotype V, a serotype more commonly seen in GBS disease in nonpregnant adults, although increasing resistance among serotype IV isolates has recently been noted. The majority of GBS isolates are resistant to tetracycline. While fluoroquinolone resistance among isolates from invasive GBS disease in nonpregnant adults is low 1.
Group B streptococcal bacteremia in men.
As you near the end of your pregnancy hello, cankles! Although mostly benign in adults, Group B Strep GBS can cause serious infections in newborns, whose immune systems are still developing. If you screen positive, you will receive intravenous antibiotics during labor to prevent you from passing Group B Strep on to your baby during delivery.
Anyone can get group B strep GBS disease, but some people are at greater risk for disease than others. Being a certain age or having certain medical conditions can put you at increased risk for GBS disease. GBS disease is most common in newborns. In adults, most cases of GBS disease are among those who have other medical conditions. Other medical conditions that put adults at increased risk include:. Risk for serious GBS disease increases as people get older.
Streptococcal infection – group B
Trinidad and Tobago Nigeria. What is Group B Strep? About 1 in 4 pregnant women "carry" or are "colonized" with GBS. Carrying GBS does not mean that you are unclean. Anyone can carry GBS. GBS is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease or infection as it can occur on its own even in someone with no prior sexual experience. However, bacteria can be passed between sexual partners, including through oral contact.
There's a girl in my class who says that getting the HPV vaccine will make you prone to becoming paralyzed. Is this true? GBS is a rare medical condition where a person's immune system attacks the nerves.
Group B streptococcal infection , also known as Group B streptococcal disease or just Group B strep ,  is the infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus agalactiae S. GBS infection can cause serious illness and sometimes death, especially in newborns, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems. It can cause bovine mastitis inflammation of the udder in dairy cows. The species name "agalactiae" meaning "no milk", alludes to this.
Чего-нибудь выпьете. - Спасибо. Я лишь хотел спросить, есть ли в городе клубы, где собираются молодые люди - панки. - Клубы.
А потом мы могли бы… - Выкинь это из головы.
ФБР, Налоговое управление, Агентство по борьбе с наркотиками и другие правоохранительные агентства США - с помощью опытных штатных хакеров - сумели арестовать и предать суду гораздо больше преступников. Разумеется, когда пользователи компьютеров во всем мире обнаружили, что американское правительство имеет широкий доступ к их электронной почте, раздались возмущенные голоса.
Даже те, кто использовал электронную почту лишь для развлечения, занервничали из-за вторжения в их частную жизнь. Корпоративные программисты во всем мире озаботились решением проблемы безопасности электронной почты. В конце концов оно было найдено - так родился доступный широкой публике способ кодирования.
От разрыва сердца? - усомнилась Сьюзан. - Ему ведь всего тридцать лет. - Тридцать два, - уточнил Стратмор. - У него был врожденный порок сердца. - Никогда об этом не слышала. - Так записано в его медицинской карточке. Он не очень-то об этом распространялся.
Мы выделили отдаваемые им команды - смотрите. Смотрите, на что он нацелен. Шеф систем безопасности прочитал текст и схватился за поручень. - О Боже, - прошептал .